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         Estonia Culture:     more books (38)
  1. Estonia - Culture Smart!: the essential guide to customs & culture by Clare Thomson, 2007-10-23
  2. Estonia (Cultures of the World) by Michael Spilling, 2010-01
  3. Executive Report on Strategies in Estonia, 2000 edition (Strategic Planning Series) by The Estonia Research Group, The Estonia Research Group, 2000-11-02
  4. Political Culture under Institutional Pressure: How Institutional Change Transforms Early Socialization (Political Evolution and Institutional Change) by Li Bennich-Björkman, 2007-12-15
  5. Old Estonia, the people and culture (Uralic and Altaic series ; v. 112) by Gustav Rank, 1976
  6. Estonian Culture: Võro Language, Culture of Estonia, 90th Anniversary of Estonian Republic, National Library of Estonia, Estophilia
  7. ESTONIA: An entry from Macmillan Reference USA's <i>Countries and Their Cultures</i> by EDGAR KASKLA, 2001
  8. The 2009 Import and Export Market for Human Blood, Prepared Animal Blood, Toxins, Cultures of Micro-Organisms, and Similar Products Excluding Yeasts in Estonia by Icon Group International, 2009-05-25
  9. Archaeology of Estonia: Archaeological Sites in Estonia, Narva Culture, Pulli Settlement, Kunda Culture, Toompea Castle
  10. Estonian Pop Culture: Cinema of Estonia, Estonian Music, Estonian Television Series, Singing Revolution, Music of Estonia, Võta Või Jäta
  11. Eesti Nsv; the People and Culture of Estonia by J. Kahk, 1973
  12. Film Production Companies of Estonia: Tallinnfilm, Estonian Culture Film, Taska Film, Exitfilm, Allfilm
  13. Evaluation of Scholarship Schemes Sleipnir and Closer Culture Neighbours: Comparison of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania
  14. The tragedy of the Estonian people: The mortal struggle of an outpost of European culture, the nation of Estonia (Studies in the history of the Estonian people) by Arthur Vööbus, 1984

1. Culture Of Estonia - Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia
The culture of Estonia incorporates indigenous heritage, as represented by the country's rare FinnoUgric national language Estonian, with mainstream Nordic and European cultural
Culture of Estonia
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation search Part of a series on the Culture of Estonia Architecture Ceramics Visual Arts Cinema ... e The culture of Estonia incorporates indigenous heritage, as represented by the country's rare Finno-Ugric national language Estonian , with mainstream Nordic and European cultural aspects. Due to its history and geography, Estonia's culture has been influenced by the traditions of the adjacent area's various Finnic, Baltic, Slavic and Germanic peoples as well as the cultural developments in the former dominant powers Sweden and Russia . Traditionally, Estonia has been seen as an area of rivalry between western and eastern Europe on many levels. An example of this geopolitical legacy is an exceptional combination of nationally recognized Christian traditions: a western Protestant and an eastern Orthodox Church . Like the mainstream culture in the other Nordic countries, Estonian culture can be seen to build upon the ascetic environmental realities and traditional livelihoods, a heritage of comparatively widespread egalitarianism out of practical reasons (see e.g.:

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3. Estonia: Language, Culture, Customs And Etiquette
Guide to Estonian business culture, society, language, etiquette, manners and protocol.
Estonia - Language, Culture, Customs and Etiquette
Facts and Statistics Location: Eastern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea and Gulf of Finland, between Latvia and Russia Capital: Tallinn Climate: Maritime, wet, moderate winters, cool summers Population: 1,341,664 (July 2004 est.) Ethnic groups: Estonian 65.3%, Russian 28.1%, Ukrainian 2.5%, Belarusian 1.5%, Finn 1%, other 1.6% (1998) Religions: Evangelical Lutheran, Russian Orthodox, Estonian Orthodox, Baptist, Methodist, Seventh-Day Adventist, Roman Catholic, Pentecostal, Word of Life, Jewish Language in Estonia Estonian is the official language of Estonia. It is spoken by about 1.1 million people in the country itself and then thousands of others outside it too. Estonian is a Finno-Ugric language and is closely related to Finnish and distantly to Hungarian. It has been influenced by German, Russian, Swedish and Latvian, though it is not related to them. Religion o During Soviet administration religion became a form of silent protest for most Estonians.
o Since independence religious organizations have again begun to appear.

4. Food | EURAXESS Estonia
The different historical rulers of the region – Danes, Swedes, Germans and EURAXESS Estonia; About Estonia; Culture; Food; Sitemap
Traditional meals include barley porridge with sour milk, or boiled unpeeled potatoes with curds or salted Baltic herring or smoked herring; on festive days butter, brawn, roast pork, sauerkraut, fried cabbage or  black pudding are served. The traditional dishes and customs are still in use during the more significant festivals of the folk calendar, the most important being Christmas. Practically every Estonian is still very fond of black rye bread. Cuisine Tallinn. Wining and Dining Tartu Tourist Information Centre. Dining EURAXESS – Researchers in Motion
  • Home What is EURAXESS
    • “Compared to Paris and Cambridge, Estonia is a good place to work. I really like the fact that Tallinn University is very “alive” – there is always something going
      on!” Emilie from France “When I started to think about a career here in Estonia, I thought it might be exciting to be part of something that is starting up. I really like that!” Sandra from Sweden “Research opportunities in Estonia are good, because there is funding available for research and there is simply less competition then for example the Netherlands.”

5. Estonia - Art And Culture Destination |
Ask an Expert International Register of Arts and Culture Experts. Ask a Question Share Your Knowledge. 'Sharing our creative worlds'

6. Book: Estonia - Culture Smart!: The Essential Guide To Customs & Culture | Clare
book Estonia Culture Smart! the essential guide to customs culture Clare Thomson
Clare Thomson
, 2007 - 168 pages
average customer review: based on 1 review
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for more information click here
Outstanding cultural overview
This book presents a very current, accurate and insightful overview of Estonia n culture . Each topic is presented clearly and concisely but in appropriate depth: land and people, values and attitudes, festivals and celebrations, making friends, daily life, time out, traveling, business briefing, communicating. The book is an excellent companion to travel guide s like the Lonely Planet or Bradt series (which I also recommend). It is a must-read for anyone with more than a passing interest in this small but fascinating nation, and will be of great benefit to travelers and businesspeople planning to spend any appreciable time (read: more than a day or two) in Estonia.
for more information click here

Smart ! provides essential information on attitudes, beliefs and behavior in different countries, ensuring that you arrive at your destination aware of basic manners, common courtesies, and sensitive issues. These concise guide s tell you what to expect, how to behave, and how to establish a rapport with your hosts. This inside knowledge will enable you to steer clear of embarrassing gaffes and mistakes, feel confident in unfamiliar situations, and develop trust, friendships, and successful business relationships.

7. : Estonia Culture
Information of Estonia culture, tradition, social life, group, newspaper, musium, books, novels
Country Info Home Introduction General Data
Time and Date
Estonia : Culture
The Estonian language belongs to the Finno-Ugric family of languages, closely related to Finnish and more distantly related to Hungarian. It is among the most difficult languages in Europe, with fourteen cases for the declension of nouns and complicated rules for their use. There are no articles, nor any grammatical gender in Estonian. Indeed, the same word is used for both "he" and "she": tema . Over the years, the language has been standardized, but many dialects and accents remain, particularly on the islands. Most of the foreign words used by Estonians come from German. Russian, Finnish, and English also have determined Estonian, particularly in the formation of slang. The national literature had an earlier beginning, in the 1810s, with the patriotic poetry of Kristjan Jaak Peterson. In the second half of the nineteenth century, romanticism and love of nation found equal expression in the poetry of Lydia Koidula, Estonia's first woman poet and a key figure of the cultural awakening. The first Estonian song festival was organized in 1869 in Tartu, attracting some 800 participants and about 4,000 spectators. This event would become a major tradition in Estonian cultural life and was held roughly every five years. At the end of the nineteenth century, Estonian theater also got its beginnings in Tartu with the formation of the Vanemuine theater group. During the next several years, many of Estonia's artists, poets, and writers would become involved in politics. Thirteen cultural figures were elected to the Supreme Soviet in 1990, nearly twenty to the Riigikogu, the new legislature, in 1992. Culture suffered, because of economic decline. Paper shortages in 1990 and 1991 limited the number of books and literary journals that could be published. Art supplies, in high demand, often were available only in exchange for hard currency. Still, foreign contacts opened up completely with opportunities to view new creative works and to spread Estonian culture abroad. With freedom again in hand, Estonia could look forward to another era of free cultural development in a common European home.

8. HOME ABOUT ESTONIA Culture Estonian pavilion at EXPO 2010 in Shanghai sounds the call to save the cities of the world.

Estonian Culture
Estonian culture is that of a nation of a little more than one million people. Along with the language, this culture is the main vehicle for Estonian identity, hence the respect which Estonians feel for it.
In the early 13th century, the Teutonic Order sent their crusaders here. The knights were followed up by priests. What remains of that epoch are mainly small country churches with tarred spires, situated near the coast.
The German colonists made their mark on Estonian spiritual, material and everyday culture. By way of this culture, Estonia entered the mainstream of the Occident. The Germans, who lived in manor houses and towns, did not mix with the indigenous population and for several centuries, Estonian and German culture developed in parallel. Over time, the Germans developed their own brand of specifically Baltic German sub-culture.
Through the centuries, Estonia has also been under the tutelage of Denmark and Sweden. The latter nation built the city of Tallinn on the spot once occupied by an Estonian stronghold. Northern Europeans can feel at home with the Gothic architecture of this structure which has been well preserved. Sweden founded the University of Tartu in 1632, which incidentally is four years older than Harvard.
Russian cultural influence has been relatively small, barring a couple of waves of Russification by the authorities.

9. Estonia Culture
A list of art galleries, museums, concerts halls and more in Tallinn, from the region's No. 1 Englishlanguage magazine.
Tourist Guide
Cultural Life

An Introduction


Real Estate


Nightclubs Rave/Dance Music ... Yellow Pages
Additional phone numbers, from shoe repair to embassies. Online Phone Directory Other Estonian tourist articles: Prangli Island Tallinns Soviet, Nazi Occupations Museum Top 10 Misconceptions ... Cultural Luminaries
Art Galleries
(H-2) Hobusepea 2. Good selection of unique local handmade jewelry. Aatrium: (I-2) Harju 6, tel.631-0503. Allee: (I-2) Pikk 30, tel. 646-4500. Paintings by the pre-war generation. Draakon: ( I-2) Pikk 18, tel. 646-4110. Galerii G: (J-2) Vabaduse vljak 6, tel. 644-9620. Haus Gallery: (I-3) Uus 17, 641-9471. Hobusepea: (I-2) Hobusepea 2. Exhibitions of Estonian art. Linnagalerii: (J-2) Harju 13, tel. 644-1388. Lhikese Jala Galerii: (I-2) Lhike jalg 6, tel. 631-4720. Mustpeade Galerii: (H-3) Phavaimu 9. Tauno Kangro Sculpture Studio: (H-3) Uus 20, tel. 641-1002. Open: Mon.-Fri. 10-17. Tauno Kangro is one of Estonias very best artistsspecializing in bronze sculptures. This place is an absolute must see! Museums Most museums are closed on Mon. and Tue. Opening hours are usually from 10 to 18. You can also find information at

10. Estonian Embassy In UK
Estonia Culture Estonian modern culture 17.11.2008. Situated between Eastern and Western Europe
Eesti English Embassy Visas/Passports Honorary Consuls Estonia and the UK ... Culture
Estonian modern culture
Situated between Eastern and Western Europe, Estonia is also culturally a border area, or a crossing point to be more exact. In the traditions of these parts, one can find elements originating from the East as well as the West, but mostly the Estonians consider themselves a northern people and conceptually bound to Scandinavia. Marginal and border cultures are where one can find interesting phenomena and combinations. In this regard, Estonia happens to be a country of a dozen possibilities. Estonian modern culture, in spite of its size, includes a great number of different facets, for which it is often difficult to find common denominators. One of Estonia's calling cards is undoubtedly modern classical music. Composers Arvo Pärt , Veljo Tormis and Erkki-Sven Tüür need not be introduced to the fans of more serious music. The same applies to conductors Neeme Järvi Eri Klas and Tõnu Kaljuste who work with different orchestras and choirs all over the world, as well as Anu Tali who is attracting more and more attention.

11. Estonia Travel - Guides & Reviews - Travel Library
Estonia Culture. The native folklore of Estonians has survived centuries of foreign domination and this is due to a rich oral tradition of songs, verses and chants.

12. Estonia Culture
Estonia Culture Thanks for submitting links or comments about Estonia Culture

13. Economy Of Estonia, Culture Of Estonia
Economy of Estonia, Culture of Estonia, Estonia History, Estonia Flag, History of Estonia, Flag of Estonia, People of Estonia, Information on Estonia, Estonia Flag, Estonia
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Economy of Estonia
People of Estonia The ancestors of Estonians seem to have settled on the Baltic shores around 3500 BC, and were soon organized in loosely federated small states. Ethnic Estonians are a majority in the population amounting to almost 64%. Russians come second. Many of the Russians or their ancestors settled in Estonia after the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) annexed the republic in 1940. Estonia is highly urbanized and about 69 percent of the people live in cities or towns, with nearly one-third of the total population residing in the capital, Tallinn. About 46 percent of the people are Christians. Estonia has an adult literacy rate of nearly 100 percent. Education is compulsory for 9 years starting from age 7. Economy of Estonia The Economy of Estonia was agriculture based in the early 1900s. Soviet rule resulted into collective economics, but after independence in the 1990s, Estonia transformed its economy from a centrally planned system to a free market. Estonia is a member of the World Trade Organization and is steadily moving toward a modern market economy with increasing ties to the West, including the pegging of its currency to the euro. The strong
electronics and telecom sectors have benefited the economy. The economy of Estonia is greatly influenced by developments in Finland, Sweden, and Germany, its major trading partners.

14. Estonia Culture Gifts, T-shirts, Stickers And More - CafePress
Shop our large selection of estonia culture gifts, tshirts, posters and stickers starting at $5 . Unique estonia culture designs. Fast shipping.

15. Today.Az - Head Of Azerbaijan-Estonia Culture Center: We Won Over Armenians In A
What should be changed (or improved) in Baku, so the foreigners and expats here would feel more comfortable?
Sunday, November 14th, 2010 22:37 FROM AZERBAIJAN Main page Latest News Analytics Politics ... Exhibitions MORE From the Region Weird / Interesting Daily Laugh Photo Galleries SPECIALS Voice of Diaspora Your Corner Our WAP Site Our PDA Site ... News Exporter INFORMATION About us Advertising
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Latest poll What should be changed (or improved) in Baku, so the foreigners and expats here would feel more comfortable? Our people should be less hostile Everything is good, no ones complaining Improve overall English throughout the country Create more recreation sites for foreigners Have more books and newspapers in English
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16. Estonia Culture
Travel Document Systems; Passport and Visa Services. This is the site for the latest Travel Information and the most complete collection of online Visa Applications on the web.
Estonia Europe
CULTURE The scope and importance of Estonian literature has steadily increased since the period of national awakening in the 19th century. Open to cultural and literary influences of western Europe, Estonian literature developed a diversity of styles, ranging from Neoclassicism to bold experimentation. After World War II, Socialist Realism dominated literary expression. Both Estonian classics and the works of contemporary authors have been translated into many languages. The beginning of professional theatrical art in Estonia is closely connected with the creation of the Vanemuine Theatre in Tartu in 1870. Tallinn has several theatres, including an opera and ballet theatre, a drama theatre, a youth theatre, and a puppet theatre. While more than 100 newspapers were published in Estonia during the Soviet era, some with circulations in excess of 100,000, acute shortages of newsprint after independence restricted output. In addition, market economics resulted in substantial increases in publishing costs and therefore in drastic price increases.
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17. Estonia Attractions – Best Attractions In Estonia – Tripwolf
best sights and cultural attractions travel guide for Estonia. The top 10 sights and cultural attractions include Catherine's Valley (Kadriorg), City Wall (Linna m r

18. Articles About Estonia Culture - Los Angeles Times
Estonia Culture News. Find breaking news, commentary, and archival information about Estonia Culture from the Los Angeles Times

19. Estonia Culture
Estonia Culture Virtuoso Europe Luxury Train Vacations Specialists Recommended by NBC Travel Channel TV. Priceless information, great value, family, group honeymoon
Sitemap Germany Vacations Italy Vacations France Vacations ... Email this page to a friend Estonia Culture
Population: 1,431,471 (July 2000 est.)
Age structure:
0-14 years: 18% (male 129,204; female 124,269)
15-64 years: 68% (male 466,960; female 503,233)
65 years and over: 14% (male 67,781; female 140,024) (2000 est.)
Population growth rate: -0.59% (2000 est.)
Birth rate: 8.45 births/1,000 population (2000 est.)
Death rate: 13.55 deaths/1,000 population (2000 est.)
Net migration rate: -0.79 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2000 est.)
Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female 15-64 years: 0.93 male(s)/female 65 years and over: 0.48 male(s)/female total population: 0.87 male(s)/female (2000 est.) Infant mortality rate: 12.92 deaths/1,000 live births (2000 est.) Life expectancy at birth: total population: 69.45 years male: 63.4 years female: 75.79 years (2000 est.) Total fertility rate: 1.19 children born/woman (2000 est.) Nationality: noun: Estonian(s) adjective: Estonian Ethnic groups: Estonian 65.1%, Russian 28.1%, Ukrainian 2.5%, Byelorussian 1.5%, Finn 1%, other 1.8% (1998) Religions: Evangelical Lutheran, Russian Orthodox, Estonian Orthodox, Baptist, Methodist, Seventh-Day Adventist, Roman Catholic, Pentecostal, Word of Life, Jewish

Deutschbalten, im 19.Jh. entstandene Bez. f r die dt. Bewohner der Ostseeprovinzen des Russ. Reiches, der sp teren Staaten Estland und Lettland.

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