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  1. Turkmenistan (Cultures of the World) by Marylee Knowlton, 2006-03-30
  2. Tradition and Society in Turkmenistan: Gender, Oral Culture and Song (Central Asia Research Forum) by Carole Blackwell, 2001-01-12
  3. Executive Report on Strategies in Turkmenistan, 2000 edition (Strategic Planning Series) by The Turkmenistan Research Group, The Turkmenistan Research Group, 2000-11-02
  4. Cross-Culture (Cross Cultural)Manual for Turkmenistan 2000 - Peace Corps by Peace Corps Turkmenistan, 2000
  5. TÜRKMENISTAN: An entry from Macmillan Reference USA's <i>Countries and Their Cultures</i> by VICTORIA CLEMENT, 2001
  6. Turkmenistan, the burden of current agricultural policies (IMF working paper) by Gonzalo C Pastor, 2000
  7. Women in Turkmenistan

1. Category:Turkmenistan Culture - Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia
Subcategories. This category has the following 13 subcategories, out of 13 total.
Category:Turkmenistan culture
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2. Turkmenistan Culture History And Archaeology
Turkmenistan Culture History and Archaeology Culture history, archaeological sites, and other information related to the past of the modern country of Turkmenistan.
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    3. Turkmenistan Culture And Society Informatiom
    Here is information on Turkmenistan culture and human rights reports, with links to, food information, food culture, cooking methods, country information, food substitutions, and food history for Asia.
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    Turkmenistan Culture
    Human Rights Report For the nomadic Turkmen the only piece of furniture worth having was a carpet or three. Easily transportable, the carpets served not just as floor coverings, but as wall linings for the yurt, providing a highly decorative form of insulation. Turkmen textiles artisans have gone quite commercial over the last hundred years: most 'Bukhara' rugs, so called because they were mostly sold, not made, in Bukhara - are made by Turkmen. These days the swish Ashghabat Carpet Museum or the Tolkuchka market are good places to see these mostly red, mostly geometric, entirely beautiful rugs. Though Turkmenistan is predominantly a Sunni Muslim country, the religion is not militantly or strictly enforced. Centuries-old tribal loyalties are at least as important as Islam; even the most urbane Turkmen retains allegiance to his tribe, while in the more remote regions tribalism dominates to such an extent that each tribe is easily distinguished by dialect, style of clothing and jewellery and the patterns woven into their carpets. Of all Central Asian peoples the Turkmen have kept the most traditional dress. While under threat from shell-suit pants and polyester jackets, it's still common to see men in baggy blue pantaloons tucked into clumping knee-high bots, a white shirt under a cherry-red and gold-striped heavy silk jacket, and topped by a shaggy wool hat. Women are less showy and wear heavy, ankle-length silk dresses of wine red and maroon hiding spangled, striped trousers beneath. A woman's hair is always tied back and concealed under a kercheif or scarf.

    4. Turkmenistan Culture
    Information about Turkmenistan Culture The culture the Turkmen is slightly different from the cultural traditions of the neighboring Muslim states of Central Asia.
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    The culture the Turkmen is slightly different from the cultural traditions of the neighboring Muslim states of Central Asia. The reason to this is that the ancestors of the Turkmen were nomadic tribes whereas the lands of modern Tajikistan and Uzbekistan were populated by settled tribes of farmers. This particular fact reflected on such aspect as cultural development of the Turkmen people. The basic cultural milestones of Turkmenistan are related to the traditions of Turkic-speaking oguzs. The latter go back to the pre-Islamic period. The oguzs' traditions found their reflection in literature, music, folklore of the Turkmen.
    The most known source of that period is the national oguz epos "Oguz-nameh" also belonging to the cultural legacy of the Turkmen, Azerbaijanis and Turks. It was passed orally from generation to generation and was written down in the mid-16th century. Another epic monument is the poem "Kitabi Dede Korkud" which reflected pre-Islamic tribal culture of the oguzs and the influence of Islam in the 11th - 12th centuries. Epic poems were performed by national singers-storytellers.
    Along with the introduction of Islam Arabian writing spread in Central Asia. However Turkmen poetry used chagatai language (very similar to Persian) widely accepted in Central Asia. It was the chagatai language that was used by Turkmen literature. This language was also used by great Turkmen poets of the 18th century.

    5. Turkmen Culture Tips: A Short Guide To The Traditions Of Turkmenistan, In Centra
    turmen culture; turkmenistan culture; turkmenistan facts; turkmen cultural facts; central asian culture; travel turkmenistan

    Embassy of Turkmenistan, located in Washington DC and accredited to the United States, Canada and Mexico. Includes basic facts about Turkmenistan, and its culture, traditions, and history.
    Phone: (202) 588 1500, Fax: (202) 280 1003 General Information
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    7. Culture Of Turkmenistan - Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia
    Two significant figures in Turkmen literature are the poets Magtymguly Pyragy and M mmetweli Kemine. See also Music of Turkmenistan. External links. Turkmenistan CultureLonely Planet
    Culture of Turkmenistan
    From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation search A Yomut Turkmen in a traditional attire, early XX century.
    Tekke Turkmen kapunuk (door surround), early 19th century. A kapunuk is designed to surround a door frame, providing a decorative entry to a circular Turkmen yurt The Turkmen people have traditionally been nomads and horsemen , and even today after the fall of the USSR attempts to urbanize the Turkmens have not been very successful. They never really formed a coherent nation or ethnic group until they were forged into one by Joseph Stalin in the 1930s. Rather they are divided into clans, and each clan has its own dialect and style of dress. Turkmens are famous for making gillams , mistakenly called Bukhara rugs in the West. These are elaborate and colorful rugs, and these too help indicate the distinction between the various Turkmen clans The Turkmens are Sunni Muslims but they, like most of the region's nomads, adhere to Islam rather loosely and combine Islam with pre-Islamic animist spirituality. The Turkmens do indeed tend to be spiritual but are by no means militantly religious.

    8. Turkmenistan:@:Culture_and_Conduct_or_Local_Customs - Tourist Information And Tr
    Free network of people around the world who offer free accommodation, advice and help when they are traveling hospitality exchange. Free membership.

    9. History & Culture
    Water is a Turkmen's life, a horse is his wings, and a carpet is his soul The energyrich Central Asian country revives its most ancient rituals and customs and discovers

    Culture, Traditions, and History "Water is a Turkmen's life, a horse is his wings, and a carpet is his soul"
    The energy-rich Central Asian country revives its most ancient rituals and customs and discovers old taboos that were thinly papered over during Communist rule. Yurta the traditional tent (it has a collapsable wooden frame and is covered with reeds and felt) is still used today. The tent is placed in the front yard and used as a summer house...
    National dress: men wear high, shaggy sheepskin hats and red robes over white shirts. Women wear long sack-dresses over narrow trousers (the pants are trimmed with a band of embroidery at the ankle). Female headdresses usually consist of silver jewelry . Bracelets and brooches are set with semi-precious stones. Young women with two braids and a small scarf are unmarried; those with one braid and a big kerchief have been wed.
    Turkmen Nation has a glorious history. Because of archeological excavations, Turkmenistan became famous to the whole world by its rich heritage. Only the discovery of up to now unknown Margiana civilization raised the necessity to reconsider ancient world history. Such historical-cultural monuments as ancient merv, Koneurgench, and Nisa are included to the list of world natural and cultural heritage of UNESCO.
    Ancient Merv , one of the most ancient towns of Central Asia, is a part of Margiana civilization. If earlier were known four ancient centers of civilization (Mesopotamia, Egypt, India, China), now Margiana is recognized to be the fifth center. There is a number of settlements by which it is easily read historical topography of this legendary town from antique times up to late Middle Ages. Among the most interesting architectural monuments are the Big and Small Kyz-Kala, Mausoleum of Muhammed ibn-Zeid and Ashabs, Mosque of Khodja-Yusup Hamadani and glanderous burial vault of Sultan Sanjar, which is considered by explorers to be the masterpiece of the Middle Ages architecture of the East. In Merv at different periods of time lived and worked Al Khorezmi, Omar Khayam, al-Mervezi, as-Samani, Enveri and other great thinkers of the Middle Ages. It is established by archeological explorations that Merv emerged in VII century B.B. at the place of Erk-Kala.

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    11. Turkmenistan:Culture
    The father of Turkmen literature is poet and thinker Fragi Makhtumkuli (17701840), whose words are held in greater reverence than even those of the Koran.
    Your browser does not support script Welcome to Turkmenistan Country Profile Visitor's Notepad Maps ... Photo Gallery PGR in Turkmenistan Institutions PGR Unit Members Status of Database Collection Missions ... PGR Projects
    The father of Turkmen literature is poet and thinker Fragi Makhtumkuli (1770-1840), whose words are held in greater reverence than even those of the Koran. Born in an area of south-west Turkmenistan which now forms part of Iran, Makhtumkuli was something of a tragic figure. Trapped in a loveless marriage, he lost his two young sons to illness; later in life his whole body of work was not only confiscated by the Persians but, as he stood witness, the camel on which his precious manuscripts were loaded lost its footing and fell into a river to be swept away. In his writing, Makhtumkuli spurned classical forms for home-spun wisdom and a simplicity of language that contributed greatly to his popularity with the travelling bards.
    t u r k m e n i s t a n Such was his influence that Turkmen literature became a compendium of mere copyists. Of those who managed to struggle out of the shadow of the great scribe, the most noted are the 19th century writers Kemine, whose satirical rhymes castigated the ruling circles, and Molapenes, the author of popular lyrical poems.

    12. Turkmenistan Travel Ideas
    Thematic Excursion Carpet Tour “Carpet as a Picture of the Soul of Orient” View more Turkmenistan Culture Tours
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    Travel Ideas in Turkmenistan Turkmenistan Travel Packages Turkmenistan Art Workshops and Vacations Thematic Excursion Carpet Tour Carpet as a Picture of the Soul of Orient
    15 Days to discover the essence of carpet weaving the ancient art of the Orient. You will visit workshops, where you will see the magic transformation of the colored fibers to the amazing artwork. view details View more Turkmenistan Art Workshops and Vacations Turkmenistan Culture Tours Ancient Treasures and Modern Wonders of Central Asia (Silk Road)
    If you want to make a once in a lifetime trip, that destination should be Central Asia countries - Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan. view details Turkmen Heritage Tour
    With this 8 days tour you will discover the Turkmen historical and cultural heritage. You will visit most significant sites in Dashoguz, Darvaza, Ashgabad, Gokdepe and Mary. view details View more Turkmenistan Culture Tours Turkmenistan Hiking and Trekking Tours Turkmen Heritage Tour
    With this 8 days tour you will discover the Turkmen historical and cultural heritage. You will visit most significant sites in Dashoguz, Darvaza, Ashgabad, Gokdepe and Mary.

    13. History & Culture
    Rich information on history starting from early rulers in the 4th century B.C, arrival of Oguz, soviet regime and ending with independence on October 27, 1991.
    History of Turkmenistan
    Tools from the Stone-Age have been discovered along the Caspian Sea shore and near the modern port of Turkmenbashi, establishing the pre-historic presence of humans in the area that is today known as Turkmenistan. The remains of farming settlements in the Kopet-Dag Mountains date back 8,000 years. The ancient cultivators in this region used the mountain streams to irrigate their crops. They also survived by herding livestock and by hunting wild game.
    As early societies learned to make pottery and metal tools, they began to trade with other people of central Asia. This profitable trade, however, also attracted foreign invaders. By the 6th century B.C., the powerful Persian Empire had established the provinces of Parthia and Margiana in what is now Turkmenistan. From their base south of the Kopet-Dag range the Persians controlled trade through central Asia and subdued the many nomadic people who lived on Turkmenistan's arid plains.
    Early Rulers
    In the 4th century B.C., the Persian Empire was defeated by the army of Alexander the Great. In 330 B.C., Alexander marched northward into Central Asia and founded the city of Alexandria near the Murgab River.

    14. FANTASIA -> Turkmenistan -> Culture -> Jewellery
    Jewellery of Turkmenistan JEWELLERY OF CENTRAL ASIA. The huge region of Central Asian republics has many sided culture and art. made jewellery of turkmenist

    15. Turkmenistan Encyclopedia Topics |
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    16. Turkmenistan - Art And Culture Destination |
    Conferences Trade Fairs Don't miss an international conference or trade fair event. List your event free 'Sharing our creative worlds'

    17. Turkmenistan Flag, Turkmenistan Culture, And Turkmenistan History, Map
    Overview of Turkmenistan, including flag, history, economy, cultural customs, and people.
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    Turkmenistan - Desert Ranch Turkmenistan, located in southwestern Central Asia, is a landlocked country. In addition to the capital, the country occupies an area of 491,200 square kilometers with a population of 6.3 million, 77% of whom are Turkmen, with the rest Russians, Uzbeks, and so on. Residents are Muslim. The official language is Turkmen, with Russian also spoken. The currency is the manat. The capital is Ashgabat (Ashgabat).

    18. Turkmenistan Culture
    Turkmenistan Culture is marked by the presence of Turkmen ethnic groups who comprise around 85% of the country's population. Besides the turkmen the other groups found in this
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    Turkmenistan Culture
    Turkmenistan Culture is marked by the presence of Turkmen ethnic groups which comprise around 85% of the country's population. Besides the Turkmen the other groups found in this region include Uzbeks, Russians, Kazakhs. The language followed here is Turkmen.
    Turkmenistan Culture continues to have traces of influence of the Soviet rule. Around 90% of Turkmenistan population consists of Muslims. Sufi influence is found to exist here. The cultural group of the Russians in Turkmenistan are greatly influenced by the Western culture in terms of their dress,attitude and lifestyle. The dress of the turkmen women consists of a long wear in vibrant colors. Besides, head scarves are also used by the women here. The wear for men consists of hats made from the skin of sheep and red robes. This is worn over a white inner shirt. Marriage in the Turkmenistan Culture takes place usually within the tribe with the consent of parents.
    For more information on Turkmenistan culture check out the following links:
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    19. Cuisine Of Turkmenistan :: Turkmen Cuisine. Food Of Turkmenistan
    Cuisine of Turkmenistan. Turkmen cuisine. Food of Turkmenistan Cuisine of Turkmenistan Turkmen cuisine. Food of Turkmenistan Turkmenistan's cuisine is very similar to that of other

    20. Turkmenistan Culture | GlobalEDGE
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    Key Facts
    GDP (ppp) per CAPITA
    $6,625.00 (2008 est.)
    Inflation Rate
    15.00% (2009 est.)
    4.88 million (2009 est.)
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    Turkmenistan : Culture
    Turkmenistan: Culture Crossing
    This section of Culture Crossing includes basic cultural practices in Turkmenistan for greetings, personal space, gestures, eye contact, etc. It also includes general business etiquette in the country related to meetings, dress, negotiations, gift giving, etc.
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