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         Socrates:     more books (100)
  1. The Memorable Thoughts of Socrates by Xenophon, 2010-07-26
  2. Apology, Crito and Phaedo of Socrates (Classic Reprint) by Plato Plato, 2010-04-19
  3. Breakfast with Socrates: An Extraordinary (Philosophical) Journey Through Your Ordinary Day by Robert Rowland Smith, 2010-03-09
  4. The Last Days of Socrates by Plato, 2010-05-06
  5. The Journeys of Socrates: An Adventure by Dan Millman, 2006-03-01
  6. The Trial and Death of Socrates by Plato, 2010-07-01
  7. Conversations of Socrates (Penguin Classics) by Xenophon, 1990-07-03
  8. The Unaborted Socrates: A Dramatic Debate on the Issues Surrounding Abortion by Peter Kreeft, 1983-07-13
  9. Socrates' Way: Seven Keys to Using Your Mind to the Utmost by Ronald Gross, 2002-10-14
  10. From Socrates to Sartre: The Philosophic Quest by T.Z. Lavine, 1985-02-01
  11. Four Texts on Socrates: Plato's Euthyphro, Apology, and Crito and Aristophanes' Clouds by Thomas G. West, Grace Starry West, 1998-10
  12. The Trial and Death of Socrates: Four Dialogues (Dover Thrift Editions) by Plato, 1992-02-05
  13. Socrates Cafe: A Fresh Taste of Philosophy by Christopher Phillips, 2002-04-17
  14. The Trial of Socrates by I.F. Stone, 1989-02-27

1. Socrates - Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia
socrates (c. 469 BC–399 BC) was a Classical Greek Athenian philosopher. Credited as one of the founders of Western philosophy, he is an enigmatic figure known chiefly
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation search This article is about the Classical Greek philosopher. For other uses of Socrates or Sócrates , see Socrates (disambiguation) Socrates (
Socrates Full name Socrates ( Born c. 469 / 470 BC
Died 399 BC (age approx. 71)
Era Ancient philosophy Region Western Philosophy School Classical Greek Main interests Epistemology ethics Notable ideas Socratic method Socratic irony Influenced Most subsequent Western philosophy ; more specifically, Plato Aristotle Aristippus Antisthenes Part of a series on Socrates Method Dialogues
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Cyrenaics ... e Socrates Greek soˈkraːtɛːs Sōkrátēs ; c. 469 BC–399 BC, in English pronounced /ˈsɒkrətiːz/ ) was a Classical Greek Athenian philosopher . Credited as one of the founders of Western philosophy , he is an enigmatic figure known chiefly through the accounts of later classical writers, especially the writings of his students Plato and Xenophon , and the plays of his contemporary Aristophanes . Many would claim that Plato's dialogues are the most comprehensive accounts of Socrates to survive from antiquity. Through his portrayal in Plato 's dialogues, Socrates has become renowned for his contribution to the field of

2. Greek Philosophy: Socrates
A brief overview of socrates place in Greek philosophy.
Ancient Greece The Peloponnesian Wars History . The growing power of Athens had frightened other Greek states for years before the Peloponnesian War broke out in 431. During the war, Pericles died in the plague of Athens (429); fortunes of war varied until a truce was made in 421, but this was never very stable and in 415 Athens was persuaded by Alcibiades , a pupil of the Athenian teacher, Socrates, to send a huge force to Sicily in an attempt to take over some of the cities there. This expedition was destroyed in 413. Nevertheless Athens continued the war. In 411 an oligarchy ("rule by a few") was instituted in Athens in an attempt to secure financial support from Persia, but this did not work out and the democracy was soon restored. In 405 the last Athenian fleet was destroyed in the battle of Aegospotami by a Spartan commander, and the city was besieged and forced to surrender in 404. Sparta set up an oligarchy of Athenian nobles (among them Critias, a former associate of Socrates and a relative of Plato), which because of its brutality became known as the Thirty Tyrants. By 403 democracy was once again restored. Socrates was brought to trial and executed in 399.
Ancient Greece Plato Socrates (469-399), despite his foundational place in the history of ideas, actually wrote nothing. Most of our knowledge of him comes from the works of

3. Socrates (Stanford Encyclopedia Of Philosophy)
Constantin Brancusi. socrates Digital Image The Museum of Modern Art; Licensed by Scala/Art Resource, NY 2005 Artists Rights Society (ARS),
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First published Fri Sep 16, 2005; substantive revision Sat Nov 7, 2009 Constantin Brancusi. Socrates
Licensed by Scala/Art Resource, NY
New York/ADAGP, Paris
reproduced with permission of the Brancusi Estate an enigma, an inscrutable individual who, despite having written nothing, is considered one of the handful of philosophers who forever changed how philosophy itself was to be conceived. All our information about him is second-hand and most of it vigorously disputed, but his trial and death at the hands of the Athenian democracy is nevertheless the founding myth of the academic discipline of philosophy, and his influence has been felt far beyond philosophy itself, and in every age. Because his life is widely considered paradigmatic for the philosophic life and, more generally, for how anyone ought So thorny is the difficulty of distinguishing the historical Socrates from the Socrateses of the authors of the texts in which he appears and, moreover, from the Socrateses of scores of later interpreters, that the whole contested issue is generally referred to as the Socratic problem

4. Socrates: Philosophical Life
A survey of the history of Western philosophy. The most interesting and influential thinker in the fifth century was socrates, whose dedication to careful reasoning
Philosophy Pages
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Socrates: Philosophical Life
Life and Teachings

Defining Piety

Methods / Aims

Civil Obedience
Internet Sources
The most interesting and influential thinker in the fifth century was Socrates , whose dedication to careful reasoning transformed the entire enterprise. Since he sought genuine knowledge rather than mere victory over an opponent, Socrates employed the same logical tricks developed by the Sophists to a new purpose, the pursuit of truth. Thus, his willingness to call everything into question and his determination to accept nothing less than an adequate account of the nature of things make him the first clear exponent of critical philosophy. Although he was well known during his own time for his conversational skills and public teaching, Socrates wrote nothing, so we are dependent upon his students (especially Xenophon and Plato ) for any detailed knowledge of his methods and results. The trouble is that Plato was himself a philosopher who often injected his own theories into the dialogues he presented to the world as discussions between Socrates and other famous figures of the day. Nevertheless, it is usually assumed that at least the early dialogues of Plato provide a (fairly) accurate representation of Socrates himself.
Euthyphro : What is Piety?

5. Commentary On The Apology Of Socrates
A lineby-line analysis of Plato's Apology, written by Kelley Ross.
Commentary on Plato's
Apology of Socrates
It was one of the rules which, above all others, made Doctor Franklin the most amiable of men in society, "never to contradict anybody." If he was urged to announce an opinion, he did it rather by asking questions, as if for information, or by suggesting doubts. Thomas Jefferson , letter to Thomas Jefferson Randolph (Jefferson's grandson), November 24, 1808. Unless Plato had already written some short dialogues to illustrate Socrates' technique of questioning (like the Euthyphro ), the Apology of Socrates is the earliest thing by him that we have. This would mean that it is the oldest extant document of Greek philosophy everything earlier (e.g. Parmenides ) was lost and is known only through quoted fragments in later works, like those of Plato himself. There is something fitting in this. Socrates substantially refounded philosophy, and the Apology is still, all by itself, about the best introduction to Western philosophy that there is. At the trial for his life in 399 BC, Socrates astonished his listeners by appearing, despite his vigorous defense, to deliberately get himself found guilty and condemned to death. What he had said was then a matter of some curiosity, but there were no Greek court reporters, and of course no audio or video tape, so there was no official record, or news recording, of the trial. If Socrates' words were going to be remembered, the spectators were going to have to record them. This is what happened, and various versions of the

An article from the Catholic Encyclopedia, with a focus on socrates life.
Home Encyclopedia Summa Fathers ... S > Socrates
Greek philosopher and educational reformer of the fifth century B.C.; born at Athens , 469 B.C.; died there, 399 B.C. After having received the usual Athenian education in music (which included literature ), geometry, and gymnastics, he practised for a time the craft of sculptor , working, we are told, in his father's workshop. Admonished, as he tells us, by a divine call, he gave up his occupation in order to devote himself to the moral and intellectual reform of his fellow citizens. He believed himself destined to become "a sort of gadfly" to the Athenian State. He devoted himself to this mission with extraordinary zeal and singleness of purpose. He never left the City of Athens except on two occasions, one of which was the campaign of Potidea and Delium, and the other a public religious festival . In his work as reformer he encountered, indeed he may be said to have provoked, the opposition of the Sophists and their influential friends. He was the most unconventional of teachers and the least tactful. He delighted in assuming all sorts of rough and even vulgar mannerisms, and purposely shocked the more refined sensibilities of his fellow citizens. The opposition to him culminated in formal accusations of impiety and subversion of the existing moral traditions . He met these accusations in a spirit of defiance and, instead of defending himself, provoked his opponents by a speech in presence of his

7. Socrates Greek Philosopher Biography Quotes
An outline biography of the Greek philosopher socrates socrates quotes - 'Know Yourself'.
Socratic method, elenchus, quotations
quotes, life, Greek philosopher, dialectic, cultivation of the Soul
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Socrates - Greek philosopher
biography - quotes
Socrates quotes :-
Know yourself!
The unexamined life is not worth living.
I am not an Athenian or a Greek, but a citizen of the world.
I hold that to need nothing is divine, and the less a man needs the nearer does he approach divinity.
An outline biography
Socrates was born around 470 B.C. and as he grew to manhood learnt his family's trade as a sculptor. As well as learning this trade he also received a more formal education in geometry and astronomy. He had a hunger for knowledge that was credible and that could not be undermined by contrary facts. According to an account in Plato's "The Phaedo" Socrates started out with much enthusiasm for the sciences but eventually came to regard his teachers as merely imparting "received knowledge" that they could not themselves prove - he decided to seek true knowledge of "causes" and of "the good" elsewhere and was prepared to rely on his own intuitions as a guide in his search. Socrates personal appearance was not impressive. He was seemingly rather ugly with a snub nose, piercing eyes, a broad nose and a wide mouth - he nevertheless became prominent in Athenian life because of the range and qualty of his mind and his ideas!!! Athenians who came to know him held that whatever about his appearance he was "all glorious within" - he was on speaking terms with many of those who were at the centre of Athenian affairs.

8. Socrates Biography Summary |
socrates summary with 744 pages of lesson plans, quotes, chapter summaries, analysis, encyclopedia entries, essays, research information, and more.

9. How Socrates Taught By Sanderson Beck
Essay explaining socrates teaching style and methods.
Confucius and Socrates Contents
BECK index
Style and Methods
Style and Approach
Individualized Instruction

Questions and Answers

Poetry and Metaphor
This chapter has been published in the book CONFUCIUS AND SOCRATES Teaching Wisdom . For ordering information, please click here. Now that we have looked at the life and character of Socrates, we can turn to an examination of his particular approach in educating. What techniques did he use to facilitate learning?
Style and Approach
Socrates' attitude toward the divine carried over into his discussions as he often would pray for assistance in the argument or rely on his spiritual inspiration for guidance. In the Timaeus he suggested to Timaeus before he began his long speech that he should duly invoke the gods. Timaeus agreed that it is the intelligent way to begin any undertaking.1 In the Republic Socrates suggested to Glaucon that they pray for success in their search for justice.2 At the conclusion of the Phaedrus Socrates offered up a prayer to the gods of this enchanted place where he had been inspired. His prayer is characteristic of his values, but Phaedrus did agree to share it with his friend. O beloved Pan (All) and the other gods of this place

10. Socrates: Biography From
Born 469 B.C. Birthplace Athens, Greece Died 399 B.C. (execution by poison) Best Known As The great Greek philosopher who drank hemlock socrates is the ancient Greek
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Socrates Philosopher
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  • Born: 469 B.C. Birthplace: Athens, Greece Died: 399 B.C. (execution by poison) Best Known As: The great Greek philosopher who drank hemlock
Socrates is the ancient Greek thinker who laid the early foundations for Western philosophical thought. His "Socratic Method" involved asking probing questions in a give-and-take which would eventually lead to the truth. Socrates was born in Athens and fought as a foot soldier in the Peloponnesian War with Sparta, but in later years became a devotee of philosophy and argument. He spent years in the public places of Athens, engaging his fellow citizens in philosophical discussions and urging them to greater self-analysis. Socrates's iconoclastic attitude didn't sit well with everyone, and at age 70 he was charged with heresy and corruption of local youth. Convicted, he carried out the death sentence by drinking hemlock, becoming one of history's earliest martyrs of conscience. Socrates's most famous pupil was Plato , who in turn instructed the philosopher Aristotle Previous: Snowlets (Olympic Mascots)

11. Socrates Quotes
45 quotes and quotations by socrates Related Authors Aristotle Plato Epictetus Plutarch Epicurus Diogenes Anaxagoras

12. "Who Was Socrates ?" By Alban Dewes Winspear, With Tom Silverberg -- Title Page
The text of a book on socrates life, by Alban Dewes Winspear.
Who Was Socrates?
by Alban Dewes Winspear
with Tom Silverberg

13. Socrates
A brief discussion of the life and works of socrates, with links to electronic texts and additional information.
Philosophy Pages
Dictionary Study Guide ... Locke

469-399 B.C.E.
Life and Teachings
Defining Piety

Methods / Aims
Internet Sources
In his use of critical reasoning, by his unwavering commitment to truth, and through the vivid example of his own life, fifth-century Athenian Socrates set the standard for all subsequent Western philosophy. Since he left no literary legacy of his own, we are dependent upon contemporary writers like Aristophanes and Xenophon for our information about his life and work. As a pupil of Archelaus during his youth, Socrates showed a great deal of interest in the scientific theories of Anaxagoras , but he later abandoned inquiries into the physical world for a dedicated investigation of the development of moral character. Having served with some distinction as a soldier at Delium and Amphipolis during the Peloponnesian War, Socrates dabbled in the political turmoil that consumed Athens after the War, then retired from active life to work as a stonemason and to raise his children with his wife, Xanthippe. After inheriting a modest fortune from his father, the sculptor Sophroniscus, Socrates used his marginal financial independence as an opportunity to give full-time attention to inventing the practice of philosophical dialogue. For the rest of his life, Socrates devoted himself to free-wheeling discussion with the aristocratic young citizens of Athens, insistently questioning their unwarranted confidence in the truth of popular opinions, even though he often offered them no clear alternative teaching. Unlike the professional

14. Bio Of Socrates, Philosopher Of Wisdom
Concise timeline of Socrate s life.
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Bio of Socrates
Immortal Philosopher of Antiquity
470-399 B.C.
Plato Aristotle Pi 3.14 ...
Problems Socrates (469-399), despite his foundational place in the history of ideas, actually wrote nothing. Most of our knowledge of him comes from the works (in the form of dialogues) of Plato (427-347), and since Plato had other concerns in mind than simple historical accuracy it is usually impossible to determine how much of his thinking actually derives from Socrates. Although Socrates is the central figure of Plato's dialogues, little is actually known about him. He left no writings , and what is known is derived largely from Plato and Xenophon. Socrates wrote nothing because he felt that knowledge was a living, interactive thing. Socrates' method of philosophical inquiry consisted in questioning people on the positions they asserted and working them through questions into a contradiction, thus proving to them that their original assertion was wrong. Socrates himself never takes a position; in The Apology he radically and skeptically claims to know nothing at all except that he knows nothing. Socrates and Plato refer to this method of questioning as

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16. Philosophers : Socrates
The Window Philsophy on the WWW. Philosophers Section A philosopher of Athens, generally regarded as one of the wisest people of all time.
Greek Philosopher
469-399 B.C.
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17. The Last Days Of Socrates
Online texts of the Apology, Crito, Euthrypho, and Phaedo. Includes Jowett notes, as well as drawings to aid the reader new to Greek philosophy. Also includes a glossary of terms and names.
The Last Days of Socrates This site is designed to help first year philosophy students read the Euthyphro, Apology, Crito, and the death scene from the Phaedo. Euthyphro Apology Crito Phaedo ... Spanish Version January 04, 2007 Kent Anderson, Ph.D. and Norm Freund, Ph.D.

18. SOCRATES, INC.: Complete Subrogation Solutions
This website has now been integrated into SCIOinspire’s corporate website.

19. The Last Days Of Socrates
Provides online texts designed to help first year philosophy students read the Euthyphro, Apology, Crito, and the death scene from the Phaedo.
The Last Days of Socrates This site is designed to help first year philosophy students read the Euthyphro, Apology, Crito, and the death scene from the Phaedo. Euthyphro Apology Crito Phaedo ... Spanish Version January 04, 2007 Kent Anderson, Ph.D. and Norm Freund, Ph.D.

20. SOCRATES: Philosophy's Martyr
Excerpts from a new book for the general reader. Also includes a hypertext guide to web resources.
SOCRATES: Philosophy's martyr
"Outstanding" THE TIMES How was Socrates different from other martyrs? - What sort of man was he? - What is Socratic irony? - Was he put on trial for political reasons? - What was his attitude to religion? - Why were the Athenians sick of him? - Is Plato's Socrates the real Socrates? - How did his views differ from Plato's? - How come we know anything at all about him? - What was his theory about virtue? - How far can it be defended? - Why did he say that a good man cannot be harmed? - Was he just naive? - Why does he count as a philosopher? - Why were many of his followers so strange? - What is his legacy?
These are some of the questions addressed in the book
Anthony Gottlieb
is Executive Editor of The Economist and a former departmental fellow in philosophy at Birkbeck College, London University. He studied philosophy at Cambridge University, did graduate work at University College London, and was a visiting fellow at Harvard University's School of Public Health. Socrates is based on a chapter from the first volume of his forthcoming two-volume history of western philosophy The Dream of Reason . The first volume, covering Thales to the Renaissance, has been published by Penguin in

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