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         Trotsky Leon:     more books (99)
  1. The Revolution Betrayed by Leon Trotsky, 2009-05-01
  2. Writings of Leon Trotsky: 1930-31 by Leon Trotsky, 1973-01-01
  3. Leon Trotsky and the Art of Insurrection 1905-1917 (Cass Series on Politics and Military Affairs in the Twentieth Century) by Harold Walter Nelson, 1988-06-01
  4. Leon Trotsky on China by Leon Trotsky, 1976-06-01
  5. The Spanish Revolution (1931-39) by Leon Trotsky, 1973-01-01
  6. The Permanent Revolution & Results and Prospects by Leon D Trotsky, 2007-06-06
  7. An Appeal to the Toiling, Oppressed and Exhausted Peoples of Europe (Penguin Great Ideas) by Leon Trotsky, 2009-10-27
  8. In Defense of Leon Trotsky by David North, 2010-08-10
  9. The War Correspondence of Leon Trotsky: The Balkan Wars 1912-13 by Leon Trotsky, 1981-07-01
  10. Terrorism and Communism: A Reply to Karl Kautsky (Revolutions) by Leon Trotsky, 2007-10-17
  11. Their Morals and Ours by Leon Trotsky, 1973-01-01
  12. The Essential Marx (Dover Books on Western Philosophy) by Karl Marx, 2006-07-21
  13. Problems of Everyday Life: Creating the Foundations for a New Society in Revolutionary Russia by Leon Trotsky, 1994-04
  14. Lenin : Notes for a Biographer by Leon Trotsky, 1973-09

21. Trotsky, Leon
Glossary of Religion and Philosophy Short Biography of Leon Trotsky
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    Leon Trotsky
    Born: Lev Davidovich Bronstein Dates:
    Born: 1879 in the Ukraine
    Died: August 20, 1940 (assassinated)
    Exiled to Siberia: 1898
    Joined the Bolshevik Party: 1917
    Organized the Red Army: 1918-1921
    Commissar of Foreign Affairs and of War: 1917-1924
    Suppressed the Kronshtadt Rebellion: 1921 Expelled from the Communist Party: 1927 Exiled to Turkey: 1929 Published The Revolution Betrayed Biography: Leon Trotsky was a Russian revolutionary who was at first aligned with Lenin, for example by collaborating on the revolutionary journal Iskra (spark), but that relationship later ended and he joined rival communist groups. Elected to the Bolshevik Party's Central Committee, he was an important leader of the October Revolution. Unfortunately, these efforts were not enough to save him later on when he opposed the reactionary policies of Joseph Stalin, leading to his exile in 1927. While abroad he involved himself in attempts to create a new International Communist movement which would remain loyal to what he regarded as the original goals and principles of communism. In the years 1936, 1937, and 1938 Moscow held very public trials against many accused of treason, among the Trotsky who was also accused of being a ring-leader.

    22. Trotsky, Leon : A Dictionary Of Military History : Blackwell Reference Online
    Blackwell Reference Online is the largest academic online reference library giving instant access to the most authoritative and upto-date scholarship across the humanities and

    23. Toward A Reconsideration Of Trotsky’s Legacy And His Place In The History Of T
    A re-appraisal of Trotsky s legacy and his place in the history of the 20th century.
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      Toward a reconsideration of Trotsky’s legacy and his place in the history of the 20th century
      A lecture by David North
      29 June 2001 The following is the text of a lecture given January 21, 2001 by David North, the chairman of the International Editorial Board of the WSWS and national secretary of the Socialist Equality Party of the US, to an international school held in Sydney by the Socialist Equality Party of Australia. Sixty years since the assassination of Leon Trotsky Somewhat more than sixty years ago, on August 21, 1940, a man died who will indisputably and always occupy one of the first places in the history of man’s struggle for self-emancipation. As historians, in the years and decades to come, study, analyze and interpret the 20th century, the figure of Leon Trotsky will loom ever larger. In no other life were the struggles, aspirations and tragedies of the last century reflected so profoundly and nobly as in that of Trotsky. If we accept as true the remarkable observation of Thomas Mann, that “In our time the destiny of man presents itself in political terms,” then it can be said, without fear of exaggeration, that in the sixty years of Trotsky’s life that destiny found its most conscious realization. The biography of Leon Trotsky is the most essential and concentrated expression of the vicissitudes of the world socialist revolution during the first half of the twentieth century.

    24. Trotsky, Leon | Define Trotsky, Leon At
    Cultural Dictionary Trotsky, Leon definition A Russian revolutionary leader of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Trotsky rose to power alongside Lenin after, leon?qsrc=2446

    25. Canadian Content > Soviet Union
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    Leon Trotsky and Trotskyism In Memory of Leon Trotsky
    An appreciation by Allan Woods that reviews Trotsky's theoretical and practical accomplishments. Trotsky Video
    On-line video clip of Leon Trotsky saying "toil and greed is made from people." Trotsky and the Trotskyists on the Spain
    Includes a series of articles from Trotskyist sources on the Spanish Civil War and particularly the POUM. Trotsky and the struggle against fascism An essay by Fred Weston on the relevance of Trotsky's analysis of the origins of fascism.

    26. What Is The Theory Of The Permanent Revolution?
    An essay on Trotsky s theory concerning the revolutionary dynamic, particularly as it effects underdeveloped countries.
    What is the theory of the Permanent Revolution?
    In the years before the Russian Revolution of 1917 there was quite a heated debate between the different tendencies of the Russian labour movement on what would be the character of the Russian revolution, and the relation between the classes in the revolution. Undoubtedly, the theory that brilliantly anticipated and explained what actually took place in 1917 was worked out by Trotsky. The theory of the permanent revolution was first developed by Trotsky as early as 1904. The permanent revolution, while accepting that the objective tasks facing the Russian workers were those of the bourgeois democratic revolution, nevertheless explained how in a backward country in the epoch of imperialism, the "national bourgeoisie" was inseparably linked to the remains of feudalism on the one hand and to imperialist capital on the other and was therefore completely unable to carry through any of its historical tasks. The rottenness of the bourgeois liberals, and their counterrevolutionary role in the bourgeois-democratic revolution, was already observed by Marx and Engels. In his article The Bourgeoisie and the Counter-revolution (1848), Marx writes: The bourgeoisie, Marx explains, did not come to power as a result of its own revolutionary exertions, but as a result of the movement of the masses in which it played no role: "The Prussian bourgeoisie was hurled to the height of state power, however not in the manner it had desired, by a peaceful bargain with the crown but by a revolution". (K. Marx, The Bourgeoisie and the Counter-revolution, MESW, vol. 1, p. 138.)

    27. Trotsky, Leon: Soviet Unity In 1919 - The Free Information Society
    Download This File. If you have questions or comments about this file, email the administrator at JSDRATM@GMAIL.COM. If there is a problem with the file, such as a corrupted

    28. In Defence Of The Russian Revolution
    Written by Trotsky, this article includes a useful summary of his theory of uneven and combined development.
    In Defence of the Russian Revolution
    by Leon Trotsky
    Up to the war, the Bolshevik Party belonged to the Social-Democratic International. On August 4, 1914, the vote of the German social democracy for the war credits put an end to this connection once and for all, and opened the period of uninterrupted and irreconcilable struggle of Bolshevism against social-democracy. Does this mean that the organisers of this assembly made a mistake in inviting me to lecture? On this point the audience will be able to judge only after my lecture. To justify my acceptance of the kind invitation to present a report on the Russian Revolution, permit me to point to the fact that during the thirty-five years of my political life the question of the Russian Revolution has been the practical and theoretical axis of my thought and of my actions... At all events, the purpose of my lecture is to help to understand. I do not intend to conduct propaganda for the Revolution, nor to call upon you to join the Revolution. I intend to explain the Revolution. The Materialist Conception of History Human society is an historically originated collaboration in the struggle for existence and the assurance of the maintenance of the generations. The character of a society is determined by the character - of its economy. The character of its economy is determined by its means of productive labour. For every great epoch in the development of the productive forces there is a definite corresponding social regime. Every social regime until now has secured enormous advantages to the ruling class. It is clear, therefore, that social regimes are not eternal. They arise historically, and then become fetters on further progress. "All that arises deserves to be destroyed." But no ruling class has ever voluntarily and peacefully abdicated. In questions of life and death, arguments based on reason have never replaced the arguments of force. This may be sad, but it is so. It is not we that have made this world. We can do nothing but take it as it is.

    29. Leon Trotsky: The Bankruptcy Of Individual Terrorism (1909)
    Essay by Trotsky written in 1909.
    Leon Trotsky
    The Bankruptcy of Individual Terrorism
    Originally transcribed for the Philosophy/History Archive , which is now the Philosophy Section of the
    It was mirrored here with permission.
    Before the very idea of destroying absolutism by mechanical means could acquire popularity, the state apparatus had to be seen as a purely external organ of coercion, having no roots in the social organisation itself. And this is precisely how the Russian autocracy appeared to the revolutionary intelligentsia.
    Historical basis of Russian terrorism
    This illusion had its own historical basis. Tsarism took shape under the pressure of the more culturally advanced states of the West. In order to hold its own in competition, it had to bleed the popular masses dry, and in doing so it cut the economic ground from under the feet of even the most privileged classes. And these classes were not able to raise themselves to the high political level attained by the privileged classes in the West. To this, in the nineteenth century, was added the powerful pressure of the European stock exchange. The greater the sums it loaned to the tsarist regime, the less tsarism depended directly upon the economic relations within the country. Such a situation could naturally give rise to the idea of blasting this extraneous superstructure into the air with dynamite.

    30. Leon Trotsky: On The Events In Dublin (1916)
    Leon Trotsky s view on the 1916 Easter Uprising in Ireland.
    Leon Trotsky
    On the Events in Dublin
    (July 1916)
    Written: Nashe Slovo , 4th July, 1916
    Publisher: New Park Publications, London, 1975 from , Volume 3, 1975.
    Translated: Allen Clinton.
    Online Version: Marxists Internet Archive, 2000.
    Transcribed: Ted Crawford.
    HTML Markup: David Walters.
    Profreading: T In so far as the affair concerned the purely military operations of the insurrectionaries, the government, as we know, turned out comparatively easily to be master of the situation. The general national movement, however it was expressed in the heads of the nationalist dreamers, did not materialize at all. The Irish countryside did not rise up. The Irish bourgeoisie, as also the upper, more influential layer of the Irish intelligentsia, remained on the sidelines. The urban workers fought and died, together with revolutionary enthusiasts from the petty-bourgeois intelligentsia. The historical basis for the national revolution had disappeared even in backward Ireland. Inasmuch as the Irish movements in the last century had assumed a popular character, they had invariably fed on the social hostility of the deprived and exhausted pauper-farmer towards the omnipotent English landlord.

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    31. Trotsky, Leon
    Leon Davidovich Trotsky (Russian Лев Давидович Троцкий; also transliterated Leo, Lev, Trotskii, Trotski, Trotskij, Trockij and Trotzky) (Old Style Date
    Trotsky, Leon
    From New World Encyclopedia
    Jump to: navigation search Previous (Leon Festinger) Next (Leonard Bernstein) Leon Trotsky Born November 7, 1879
    Yanovka, Ukraine , Russian Empire Died August 21, 1940
    Mexico City, Mexico Leon Davidovich Trotsky (Russian: Лев Давидович Троцкий; also transliterated Leo, Lev, Trotskii, Trotski, Trotskij, Trockij and Trotzky ) (Old Style Date November 7, 1879 October 26) – August 21, 1940), born Lev Davidovich Bronstein (Лев Давидович Бронштейн), was a Bolshevik revolutionary and Marxist theorist. He was an influential politician in the early days of the Soviet Union , first as People's Commissar for Foreign Affairs and then as the founder and commander of the Red Army and People's Commissar of War. He was also a founding member of the Politburo. Following a power struggle with Josef Stalin in the 1920s, Trotsky was expelled from the Communist Party and deported from the Soviet Union. He was eventually assassinated in Mexico by Ramón Mercader, a Soviet agent, with an ice axe. Trotsky's ideas form the basis of the Communist theory of Trotskyism , and Trotskyism remains a major school of Marxist thought that is theoretically opposed to Stalinism and Maoism . Trotsky was particularly popular in the West after the rise of Stalin, viewed by many as an alternative to Stalin. Had Trotsky succeeded Lenin rather than Stalin, it is unlikely that the Soviet Union could have survived its seminal years. Trotsky, unlike Stalin, failed to recognize the importance of solidifying the political and economic bases of the Soviet Union before extending outward to other parts of the world.

    32. Leon Trotsky
    A short biography with pictures and artwork by Diego Rivera featuring Trotsky as subject.
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    Leon Trotsky
    Lev Davidovich Bronstein (Trotsky) in 1897
    Lev Davidovich Bronstein (Leon Trotsky) was born on October 26, 1879, son of a hard-working, thrifty, and well-to-do jewish farmer, in the southern part of Ukraine. The family valued education highly, and when Lev was about nine years old they let him move to the city of Odessa, to stay with his 'uncle' and to go to school. This is where Lev developed his nice manners and intellectual personality.
    Lev was an exeptionally bright and capable student, and in 1896 he moved to Nicolayev to complete his secondary education and to study matematics. This is where Lev turned revolutionary. In 1897 he was instrumental in founding the South Russia Workers Union and in 1898 the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party (RSDLP). However, Lev was arrested for his political activities, put in prison, and in 1900 deported to Siberia. In 1902 he adopted the name Trotsky as he escaped, and met Lenin in London.
    Trotsky then joined Lenin on the staff of Iskra (The Spark), the Communist newspaper. Trotsky and Lenin, as intellectuals, had much respect for each other, however, in 1903 at the Second Congress of the RSDLP, the Bolsheviks were led by Lenin, while Trotsky was among the Menshevik leaders.
    In 1905 Trotsky returned to Russia, where he participated actively in the first Russian Revolution, and in December that year he was elected President of the St Petersburg Soviet. However, Trotsky and several other members of the St. Petersburg Soviet were soon arrested, and after a trial they were deported to Western Siberia in January 1907. Trotsky in his cell in the Peter-Paul Fortress, awaiting trial, in 1906

    33. Trotsky, Leon Quotes On Quotations Book
    In innerparty politics, these methods lead, as we shall yet see, to this the party organization substitutes itself for the party, the central committee substitutes itself for the

    34. Lunacharsky On Trotsky
    Revolutionary Silhouette of Trotsky by one of his contemporaries.
    Anatol Lunacharsky
    Trotsky entered the history of our Party somewhat unexpectedly and with instant brilliance. As I have heard, he began his social-democratic activity on the school bench and he was exiled before he was eighteen. I first met him at a comparatively late stage, in 1905, after the events of January . He had arrived, I forget where from, in Geneva and he and I were due to speak at a big meeting summoned as a result of this catastrophe. Trotsky then was unusually elegant, unlike the rest of us, and very handsome. This elegance and his nonchalant, condescending manner of talking to people, no matter who they were, gave me an unpleasant shock. I regarded this young dandy with extreme dislike as he crossed his legs and pencilled some notes for the impromptu speech that he was to make at the meeting. But Trotsky spoke very well indeed. He also spoke at an international meeting, where I spoke for the first time in French and he in German; we both found foreign languages something of an obstacle, but we somehow survived the ordeal. Then, I remember, we were nominated I by the Bolsheviks, he by the Mensheviks to some commission on the division of joint funds and there Trotsky adopted a distinctly curt and arrogant tone. Until we returned to Russia after the first (1905) revolution I did not see him again, nor did I see much of him during the course of the 1905 revolution. He held himself apart not only from us but from the Mensheviks too. His work was largely carried out in the Soviet of Workers' Deputies and together with

    35. Leon Trotsky —
    Encyclopedia Trotsky, Leon. Trotsky, Leon (trot'skē, Rus. lā' u n tr t'skē) , 1879–1940, Russian Communist revolutionary, one of the principal leaders in the establishment of the

    36. The Leon Trotsky Museum - Murder And Marxism In Mexico City : Mexico Travel
    Article by John Mitchell in Mexico Connect describes Trotsky s exile in Mexico City and his compound at Cocoyan, attempts on his life and his assassination.

    37. Trotsky, Leon
    Russian revolutionary. He joined the Bolshevik party and took a leading part in the seizure of power in 1917 and in raising the Red Army that fought the Civil War 1918–20. Trotsky

    38. Socialism Today - Trotsky's Relevance Today
    An article by Peter Taffe written to commemorate the 60th anniversary of Trotsky s assassination. Examines Trotsky s ideas, methods, and analysis, and their relevance today.
    Socialism Today The monthly journal of the Socialist Party Home Issue 49 About Us Back Issues ... Search Trotsky's relevance today The permanent revolution
    The struggle against neo-colonialism

    The Revolution Betrayed

    Marxism in Our Time
    Preparing for a new era

    This article is based on a speech made by Peter Taaffe in Belgium in April 2000. SIXTY YEARS AGO this August, Stalin's hit man, Raymond Mercader, murdered the greatest living revolutionary of that time, Leon Trotsky. It was not just the Trotskyists who felt the terrible blow of his death but the working class and labour movement of the whole world. This brain - in a sense, the brain of the working class at that stage - would no longer illuminate and clarify the problems confronting working class movements internationally. Just to list Trotsky's 'practical achievements' would in itself justify commemorating this anniversary. He was the chairman of the first ever soviet - committee of workers' representatives - in the first Russian revolution between 1905-1906. In 1917 he was the organiser of the October Russian revolution, the greatest single event in human history. He then created and led the Red Army which defeated the twenty-one counter-revolutionary armies of imperialism that attempted to crush the revolution. But above all, Leon Trotsky was one of the greatest theoreticians of the workers' movement. If Karl Marx was the man of the millennium, then Leon Trotsky was undoubtedly, with Lenin, Friedrich Engels and Rosa Luxemburg, also one of the greatest figures of the millennium, and certainly of the 20th century. His ideas, his method of analysis, and the conclusions drawn from this, are as relevant today as in the past.

    39. Trotsky, Leon | Define Trotsky, Leon At
    Cultural Dictionary Trotsky, Leon definition A Russian revolutionary leader of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Trotsky rose to power alongside Lenin after, Leon?fromRef=true

    40. Trotsky, Leon | Trotsky, Leon Information | HighBeam Research - FREE Trial
    Trotsky, Leon Research Trotsky, Leon articles at Find information, facts and related newspaper, magazine and journal articles in our online encyclopedia.

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