Category:Arab Mathematicians - Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia This category is for Arab mathematicians. Mathematicians can also be browsed by field and by period. The root category for mathematicians is here. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:Arab_mathematicians
Extractions: Asia and Oceania by nationality v d e Arab Armenian Australian Azerbaijani Chinese ... Vietnamese Other continents Africa Americas Europe This category is for Arab mathematicians . Mathematicians can also be browsed by field and by period . The root category for mathematicians is here This category has only the following subcategory. The following 16 pages are in this category, out of 16 total. This list may not reflect recent changes ( learn more Retrieved from " http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:Arab_mathematicians Categories Arab people by occupation Mathematicians by nationality ... Arab scientists Personal tools Namespaces Variants Views Actions Search Navigation Interaction Toolbox Print/export Languages
Technical Arts Related To Alchemy In Old Egypt Arabian mathematicians, physicians, alchemists, were held in high esteem as scientific experts. Arabian translations, elaborations and commentaries from ancient Greek and http://www.alchemywebsite.com/islam07.html
Arabic Mathematics Explains contributions of Arabian mathematicians by translating early Greek texts, developing early algebraic ideas, number theory and astronomical calculations. Includes information about key people during this time period. http://www-history.mcs.st-and.ac.uk/history/HistTopics/Arabic_mathematics.html
Extractions: Version for printing Recent research paints a new picture of the debt that we owe to Arabic/Islamic mathematics. Certainly many of the ideas which were previously thought to have been brilliant new conceptions due to European mathematicians of the sixteenth, seventeenth and eighteenth centuries are now known to have been developed by Arabic/Islamic mathematicians around four centuries earlier. In many respects the mathematics studied today is far closer in style to that of the Arabic/Islamic contribution than to that of the Greeks. There is a widely held view that, after a brilliant period for mathematics when the Greeks laid the foundations for modern mathematics, there was a period of stagnation before the Europeans took over where the Greeks left off at the beginning of the sixteenth century. The common perception of the period of 1000 years or so between the ancient Greeks and the European Renaissance is that little happened in the world of mathematics except that some Arabic translations of Greek texts were made which preserved the Greek learning so that it was available to the Europeans at the beginning of the sixteenth century. That such views should be generally held is of no surprise. Many leading historians of mathematics have contributed to the perception by either omitting any mention of Arabic/Islamic mathematics in the historical development of the subject or with statements such as that made by Duhem in [
Mathematics In Medieval Islam - Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia In the history of mathematics, mathematics in medieval Islam, often termed Islamic mathematics, is the mathematics developed in the Islamic world between 622 and 1600, during what is http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Islamic_mathematics
Extractions: From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (Redirected from Islamic mathematics Jump to: navigation search In the history of mathematics mathematics in medieval Islam , often termed Islamic mathematics , is the mathematics developed in the Islamic world between 622 and 1600, during what is known as the Islamic Golden Age , in that part of the world where Islam was the dominant religion. Islamic science and mathematics flourished under the Islamic caliphate (also known as the Islamic Empire) established across the Middle East Central Asia North Africa Southern Italy , the Iberian Peninsula , and, at its peak, parts of France and India as well. Islamic activity in mathematics was largely centered around modern-day Iraq and Persia , but at its greatest extent stretched from North Africa and Spain in the west to India in the east. While most scientists in this period were Muslims and wrote in Arabic many of the best known contributors were Persians as well as Arabs in addition to Berber Moorish and Turkic contributors, as well as some from other religions (
MATHEMATICS Hurrell, the PT, was milk monitor in Pythagoras' class whilst the rest of the department were taught by all the great Greek and Arabian mathematicians. http://www.glenifferhigh.renfrewshire.sch.uk/da.html
Extractions: Download (29k) Welcome Memories of Maths Way back in the early 60s you used to get these buff coloured cardboard times tables at primary school. You were given three days to learn a times table and they were often tension-filled and fraught days. As you progressed through primary school you learned to hate those buff coloured times tables cards as they became progressively softer to the point of falling apart and then you were in real trouble because you had to learn the seven times table and it was on the half that you had recently lost. Having survived the times tables the next stage was pure Maths in high school. Some pupils moved into Maffs whilst others remained in Maths. They used to separate Maths out into three different subjects- Maths, Arithmetic and Statistics- only the dead brainy ones got to do Stats. Ordinary mortals had to do Arithmetic and, criminally, had to sit an O Grade in both Maths and Arithmetic. The world of Maths was a strange world. It was a world where children shared sweets and did sums at the same time. It was a world where everyone did a mathematical calculation before they embarked on any project. It is a world full of Jims, Johns, Jeans and Marys. It almost had an Enid Blyton quality to it.
Al-Khwarizmi (Muslim Mathematician) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia alKhwarizmi (Muslim mathematician), c. 780Baghdad, Iraq c. 850Muslim mathematician and astronomer whose major works introduced Hindu-Arabic numerals and the concepts of algebra http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/317171/al-Khwarizmi
Extractions: document.write(''); Search Site: With all of these words With the exact phrase With any of these words Without these words Home My Britannica CREATE MY al-Khwarizmi NEW ARTICLE ... SAVE Table of Contents: al-Khwārizmī Article Article Related Articles Related Articles External Web sites External Web sites Citations ARTICLE from the al-Khwārizmī in full Muḥammad ibn Mūsā al-Khwārizmī algebra into European mathematics. Latinized versions of his name and of his most famous book title live on in the terms algorithm and algebra Al-Khwārizmī lived in Baghdad Dār al-Ḥikma ) under the caliphate elementary algebra al-Kitāb al-mukhtaṣar fī ḥisāb al-jabr waʾl-muqābala Algebra derives.
Our Non-Western Roots Of Science Algebra i.e. arithmetics (basic calculating rules), disciplines of equations and series - was developed by Hindu and Arabian mathematicians. http://www.cs.joensuu.fi/~whamalai/skc/prehistory.html
Extractions: We shall consider the early development of science, and especially mathematics, from the Stone Age to the Renaissance, when the golden age of our Western science begun. The emphasis is in the influence of other cultures on our scientific tradition. We know the difficulties of telling scientific truth about history, and this problem is even more crucial when describing and explaining develeopment in prehistoric times. Thus, I don't argue that the following story is truth, but just my interpretation based on general beliefs and opinions, how the human thinking and science have developed. When people (especially our ancestors, Homo sapiens; we don't know if the Neanderthal people could speak) learnt to speak ( faculty of speech ), they could transfer their knowledge and experiences to their children, and the human knowledge begun to accumulate. The knowledge was not strictly separated from beliefs, but people still wanted to give explanations for all phenomena they experienced and thought. Certainly some pieces of that "knowledge" (our common sense knowledge) would still be considered as knowledge, but more difficult things like beginning of world, origins of people and all anmals, life and death were explained by stories. They were not accepted scientific theories, but more like hypotheses, which mixed fact and fiction. Development of agriculture have usually been considered as beginning of sivilization (society and culture) with permanent settlement. It is believed that use of numbers developed already before that, with cattle-farming (about 6000 B.C. or earlier), for the purposes of counting the animals. However, the
Arabian Mathematicians Caused 9/11. [Archive] - Harmony Central Forums Archive Arabian mathematicians caused 9/11. The Political Party I know someone whose company's office building occupies numbers 9/11 of a certain street in London. http://acapella.harmony-central.com/archive/index.php/t-2578020.html
Extractions: Harmony Central Forums Off-Topic Forums The Political Party PDA View Full Version : Arabian mathematicians caused 9/11. axuality 03-05-2010, 09:19 AM Otherwise it would have been IX/XI. csm 03-05-2010, 09:25 AM I know someone whose company's office building occupies numbers 9/11 of a certain street in London.
Banu Musa: Information From Answers.com Banu Musa (Arabian mathematicians astronomers) Year 832 (in Science Technology) Year 850 (in Science Technology) Mūsā ibn Shākir; Musa (name) Book of Ingenious Devices http://www.answers.com/topic/banu-musa
Bob Gardner's "Euclid's Elements - A 2,500 Year History" Arabic Translations Web Abu alBuzjani (940-997), one of the greatest Arabian mathematicians, wrote a commentary on The Elements, but did not complete it. He also wrote a commentary on Diophantus Heath http://faculty.etsu.edu/gardnerr/Geometry-History/arabic-translations.htm
Extractions: Johnson City, TN 37614 Arabic Translations of The Elements As Europe fell into the dark ages, the work of the classical period was preserved in the Arabic world. By the middle of the eighth century, all the important work in mathematics was being done by Islamic scholars. This would remain the case for the next several hundred years. Scholarship exploded in the Middle East, fueled in part by the availability of numerous ancient texts from Byzantium and elsewhere. In the ninth century and afterward, many of the classical works of the ancient world were translated from Greek into Arabic [Bardi, page 62]. Heath's introduction lists 31 Arabic translators of The Elements . We now mention a few of these.
Catholic Encyclopedia (1913)/Balthasar Boncompagni - Wikisource It is supposed to be a translation of the famous treatise on arithmetic of Alkhwarizmi, the most illustrious of the Arabian mathematicians. Nuova Enciclopedia Italiana, Suppl., 6th http://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Catholic_Encyclopedia_(1913)/Balthasar_Boncompagni
Atw: Re: Is "non-null" An Acceptable Term? - Austechwriter - FreeLists Most of us have been following the Arabian mathematicians on this for a few centuries. ) And from the another point of view, it's important to understand that null is not http://www.freelists.org/post/austechwriter/atw-Re-Is-nonnull-an-acceptable-term
Extractions: :mad: yellowwing 01-02-08, 08:45 PM Zero? SSgt Blue 01-02-08, 08:48 PM The invention of Zero? That is a choice? yellowwing 01-02-08, 08:51 PM Okay, I'm just guesssng. Give a pouge a break. SSgt Blue 01-02-08, 08:53 PM Lol gutinstinct 01-02-08, 08:55 PM What ? LOL Phantom Blooper 01-02-08, 08:59 PM Decimal? Osotogary 01-02-08, 10:12 PM Algorism is the technique of performing basic arithmetic by writing numbers in place value form and applying a set of memorized rules and facts to the digits. This system largely superseded earlier calculation systems that used a different set of symbols for each numerical magnitude and in some cases required a device such as an abacus. Starting with the integer arithmetic developed in India using base 10 notation, Arabian mathematicians documented new arithmetic methods and made many other contributions to decimal arithmetic. These included the concept of the decimal fractions as an extension of the notation, which in turn led to the notion of the decimal point. The word algorism comes from the name al-Khwarizmi ("the one from Khwarizm") of an early 9th century Persian mathematician, possibly from what is now Khiva in western Uzbekistan. In English, it was first used about 1230 and then by Chaucer in 1391[1]. Another early use of the word is from 1240, in a manual titled Carmen de Algorismo composed by Alexandre de Villedieu. It begins thus:
SOLVABILITY OF POLYNOMIAL EQUATIONS OVER THE RATIONAL FIELD The main con tribution of the Arabian mathematicians was the preserva tion and transmission to posterity of many classics of Greek mathematics (425). http://etd.lib.ttu.edu/theses/available/etd-06302009-31295015071532/unrestricted
Web Citations - Dissections: Plane & Fancy Mathematicians Arabian Mathematicians. Links to my page PianoHinged Dissections Time to Fold! Gavin Theobald's Geometric Dissections. Art Stoner's apluscompass.com http://www.cs.purdue.edu/homes/gnf/book/webref.html
Extractions: Joseph Malkevitch's David Eppstein's Geometry Junkyard Gavin Theobald's BMS-NCM NEWS: the Newsletter of the Belgian Mathematical Society and the National Committee for Mathematics, No. 52, March 15, 2005 Sol Lederman's Wild About Math Wikipedia NationMaster - Encyclopedia: Dissection puzzle Ed Pegg's Math Games column Serhiy Grabarchuk's Age of Puzzles Takay Iwamoto's Math CAD Fun Math Reviews!
Triangle To Square: A Hinged Dissection As visual demonstrations of relationships such as the Pythagorean theorem, dissections have had a surprisingly rich history, reaching back to Arabian mathematicians a millennium http://math.nmsu.edu/breakingaway/Lessons/T2S/Triangle2Square.htm
Extractions: Greg Frederickson's book , was published in 2002 by Cambridge University Press. We thank him for this dissection, originally credited to Dudeney in 1907. We have adapted it for use with children. From his website, http://www.cs.purdue.edu/homes/gnf/book2.html "A geometric dissection is a cutting of a geometric figure into pieces that we can rearrange to form another figure. As visual demonstrations of relationships such as the Pythagorean theorem, dissections have had a surprisingly rich history, reaching back to Arabian mathematicians a millennium ago and Greek mathematicians more than two millennia ago. As mathematical puzzles they enjoyed great popularity a century ago, in newspaper and magazine columns written by the American Sam Loyd and the Englishman Henry Ernest Dudeney. Loyd and Dudeney set as a goal the minimization of the number of pieces. Their puzzles charmed and challenged readers, especially when Dudeney introduced an intriguing variation in his 1907 book The Canterbury Puzzles . After presenting the remarkable 4-piece solution for the dissection of an equilateral triangle to a square, Dudeney wrote: 'I add an illustration showing the puzzle in a rather curious practical form, as it was made in polished mahogany with brass hinges for use by certain audiences. It will be seen that the four pieces form a sort of chain, and that when they are closed up in one direction they form a triangle, and when closed in the other direction they form a square.
OMAR AL-KHAYYAM,OMAR AL-KHAYAM,OMAR,OMAR AL KHAYYAM,OMAR Ghiyath alDin Abul Fateh Omar Ibn Ibrahim al-Khayyam was born at Nishapur, the provincial capital of Khurasan around 1044 C.E. (c. 1038 to 1048). http://www.famousmuslims.com/OMAR AL-KHAYYAM.htm
Extractions: FamousMuslims.com Discussion Board Home Contact Scientists OMAR AL-KHAYYAM Algebra would seem to rank first among the fields to which he contributed. He made an attempt to classify most algebraic equations, including the third degree equations and, in fact, offered solutions for a number of them. This includes geometric solutions of cubic equations and partial geometric solutions of most other equations. His book Maqalat fi al-Jabr wa al-Muqabila is a master- piece on algebra and has great importance in the development of algebra. His remarkable classification of equations is based on the complexity of the equations, as the higher the degree of an equation, the more terms, or combinations of terms, it will contain. Thus, Khayyam recognizes 13 different forms of cubic equatlon. His method of solving equations is largely geometrical and depends upon an ingenious selection of proper conics. He also developed the binomial expansion when the exponent is a positive integer. In fact, he has been considered to be the first to find the binomial theorem and determine binomial coefficients. In geometry, he studied generalities of Euclid and contributed to the theory of parallel lines. The Saljuq Sultan, Malikshah Jalal al-Din, called him to the new observatory at Ray around 1074 and assigned him the task of determining a correct solar calendar. This had become necessary in view of the revenue collections and other administrative matters that were to be performed at different times of the year. Khayyam introduced a calendar that was remarkably accurate, and was named as
Extractions: AC.base_www = '/'; AC.base_adm = 'https://publish.associatedcontent.com/'; AC.base_img = 'http://i.acdn.us/'; AC.base_siteimg = 'http://i.acdn.us/siteimg/'; Associated Content Home Home Books Adjust font-size: Published March 26, 2007 by: G. Stolyarov II View Profile Follow Add to Favorites ... Pythagoras Legend has it that, during the seventh century AD, a number sprang out of the Arabian desert that had eluded the greatest minds of Egypt, Greece, and Rome, that neither Pythagoras nor Euclid nor Archimedes had ever come upon. If the name of the inventor of the zero had reached us, he would likely be as illustrious as any of them, for his character and wit certainly merited it. Alas, he lived during a barbarous time, when the young Islamic Caliphate was engaged in a brutal campaign of suppressing the "infidels" of all lands to which the sword of the fundamentalist warrior carried rivers of scarlet. At the head of the conquest was the Caliph Omar, a man with a simple mind and a simple credo: "All that is written which repeats the Koran is superfluous. All that is written which transcends the Koran is heretical." The torrents of blood the Caliph brought also swept away the great libraries of the era, and, for many years, all scholarship was declared a crime. Thus it was when the Caliph Omar's troops came to the city where the mathematician lived in a lush garden home, a residence that the commander of the invading forces found all too inviting. The commander realized that he could have anything in the city that he wished, only if he were given a pretext to execute an edict given him by the Caliph Omar. Because Omar did not believe in writing anything that was not in the Koran, he had only presented the order to the commander in words: "Nothing which is outside the Koran shall be tolerated." Violation of the Caliph's edict was tantamount to death, and the commander thus possessed the means to destroy almost anyone he chose.
TEXTBOOKS COLLECTION: Daftar Teksbook C Sedia Jual buku teks - textbook murah dan lengkap. Silakan melihat katalog yang tersedia, dan silakan request (via email) jika buku yang diperlukan belum tersedia. http://blog.lumbungbuku.com/2009/11/daftar-teksbook-c.html